Urinary urge is the sign our bladder gives us when we need to void. When the urge comes on intensely and suddenly, this is called urinary urgency. There are many causes of urinary urgency.
Urinating too often during the day is considered urinary frequency. An average bladder will need to be emptied every 2-4 hours during the daytime and 0-2 times in the middle of the night. However, how often we urinate is also based on our fluid and food consumption, the size of our bladder, any comorbidities, etc.
Urinary incontinence is the unintentional loss of urine. There are various types of urinary incontinence, i.e. Functional Urinary Incontinence, Overflow Urinary Incontinence, Stress Urinary Incontinence, Urge Urinary Incontinence, etc.).
Fecal incontinence is the unintentional loss of feces or stool.
Bladder infections result when bacteria are able to multiply within the bladder, whereas urinary tract infections occur in the urethra. There are many factors that can contribute to bladder or urinary tract infections.
It is generally expected that after voiding, there should be no more than 50-100 milliliters of residual urine left in the bladder. If there is more than this left in the bladder after voiding, then you are considered to have urinary retention. This can lead to various bladder symptoms.
Dysuria is painful urination. It can occur in conjunction with infection, pelvic pain, post-operatively, etc.
Pelvic organ prolapse is the movement of the pelvic organs. This can be caused by several different factors and usually presents as a bulge or pressure sensation in the vagina or rectum.
Dyspareunia is pain with sexual intercourse.
Pelvic pain is a complex diagnosis that can affect many different areas in the pelvic girdle, such as the bladder, abdomen, recturm, genitals, tailbone, etc.
Difficulty emptying the bowels, often associated with hard stool, is called constipation. Normal bowel movement frequency can vary from 3 times/day to 3 times/week, however bowel movements should always be easy to pass. An ideal bowel movement is formed and smooth or slightly bumpy.